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What are Spices ?

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.

Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are the leaves, flowers, or stems from plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Sometimes, spices may be ground into a powder for convenience. Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious diseases, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.[1] Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable.

Benefits and uses

Spices Benifits and Uses
Turmeric (Haldi) Used in cooking and skin care products. It has wide range medicinal uses.
Pepper (Kaali Mirch) It is extensively used in cooking, especially for garnishing. It is has many medicinal uses too.
Asafoetida (Hing) Used for seasoning food, specially snacks and has medicinal uses.Cough remedy , stomach pain due to gas.
Ginger (Adrak) Cooking for specific flavour to food and has many medicinal uses.Benificial in cough and cold
Bay leaf (Tez Patta) Cooking to add a specific flavour and also has medicinal uses.Bay leaf oil used for antifungal and anti bacterial purposes
Cardamom (Elaichi) Cooking to add a specific flavour and smell and also has medicinal uses(pharmaceutical sector)
Chilli (Lal Mirch) Chilli used as main ingredient for adding hot flavour to the food.
Cinnamon (Dalchini) Cooking to add a specific flavour and smell . It has medicinal uses too.
Clove (Laung) Used as a ingredient mainly for seasoning or preparing and to add a specific flavour and smell.Clove oil is beneficial tooth problem
Coriander (Dhaniya) Used in cooking . It also has some medicinal uses.
Cumin (Zeera) Used in cooking . It also has some medicinal uses.
Curry leaves(Curry Patta) It is used as a main ingredient for seasoning in some countries. It has many medicinal uses.
Fenugreek (Methi) Used as a green leafy vegetable and seeds are used for seasoning and preparing . It also has medicinal uses.
Garlic (Lassan) Used for cooking as well as for the medicinal purpose.

Source / Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/